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Subject: Fw: GOARN RFA - International support surveillance of epidemic-prone diseases in Haiti, Post Hurricane Matthew
Please see the mail below from GOARN for technical support in surveillance of epidemic-prone diseases
in Haiti, Post Hurricane Matthew. You may like to circulate this information to the members of your region.
Sent: Friday, October 7, 2016 3:42 PM
Subject: GOARN RFA - International support surveillance of epidemic-prone diseases in Haiti, Post Hurricane Matthew
RESENDING DUE TO TECHNICAL PROBLEMS WITH THE ORGINAL E-MAIL.
GOARN Request for Assistance:
International support surveillance of epidemic-prone diseases in Haiti, Post Hurricane Matthew
Date: 06 October 2016
WHO Region: Americas Region (AMRO/PAHO)
Classification: Restricted – not to be disseminated outside GOARN partners
1. Epidemiological update and response
Hurricane Matthew has impacted the island of Hispaniola on 5 October 2016. Matthew produced heavy rainfall of 20-100 cm (8-40 inches) especially in Southern and North-western Haiti. Flash floods and mudslides in these remote areas of Haiti are likely to have an impact on the water and sanitation infrastructures. These Departments have very little road access, and were severely affected by cholera in 2011.
The cholera dynamics in Haiti have been a matter of concern during recent months (official data available up to EW-37). From October 2010 to date Haiti has reported more than 790,000 cases of cholera including more than 9,300 fatalities. Data for 2016 show that 28,559 cholera cases were reported until EW-37 (an average of 771 per week). This number is higher than the weekly averages for 2014 (559 per week) and 2015 (693 per week) although significantly lower than the average 6,766 cases per week reported during 2011. During EW-37, 12 municipalities in 4 departments (Grande Anse, Ouest, Artibonite and Nord) were reported by the Ministry of Health (MSPP) on Red Alert for multiple localized outbreaks. In this context of flooding and expected impact/destruction of the Water and Sanitation infrastructure and the seasonality of cholera transmission in Haiti (peaks of transmission observed from November to January during the last years), PAHO would expect an important upsurge in cholera cases during the period comprised between the impact of Matthew and late 2016 / early 2017.